Go to top of page

Benevolent harm: Orphanages, voluntourism and child sexual exploitation in South-East Asia

ISSN: 
1836-2206
Australian Institute of Criminology
Published: 
13/03/2019
Abstract: 

Institution-based sexual exploitation, including within orphanages, is on the rise in South- East Asia. While the drivers of this increase are complex, the growth in volunteer and orphanage tourism creates opportunities for child sexual exploitation by allowing contact between vulnerable children and child sex offenders, stimulating demand for orphanages and orphaned children through child trafficking and paper orphaning, and providing the necessary conditions for orphanage scams.

This paper summarises the processes by which children become vulnerable to sexual exploitation and related harms within or facilitated by orphanages. It concludes by canvassing the international, regional and domestic initiatives that respond to these risks, as well as strategies designed to prevent the sexual exploitation of children living in orphanages.

ISBN: 978 1 922009 99 9

Cite article

Lyneham S & Facchini L 2019. Benevolent harm: Orphanages, voluntourism and child sexual exploitation in South-East Asia. Trends & issues in crime and criminal justice no. 574. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology. https://aic.gov.au/publications/tandi/tandi574