This report presents tabulated information on the circumstances and characteristics of homicide in Australia for the fiscal year 2005-06. In addition, the report contains jurisdictional breakdowns for comparative purposes and some long-term trend data across the sixteen-year NHMP data collection period. In 2005-06, there were 283 incidents of homicide, resulting in 301 victims and committed by 336 offenders. Since 2001-02, there has been a downward trend in the incidence of homicide, however during the current year, it has increased by 14% compared to 2004-05. This represents an increase of 34 homicide incidents. The overall trend in the incidence of homicide has remained stable over the 17-year period since the Australian Institute of Criminology began monitoring in 1989. Attention is paid in the report to identifying changing factors in homicide in Australia. It also includes an additional section that gives an overview of the types of homicidal encounters in Australia: intimate partner violence, child homicide, homicide between persons known to each other, and stranger-related murders.