The National Homicide Monitoring Program (NHMP) commenced on 1 July 1989. Through it, the Australian Institute of Criminology (AIC) monitors trends and patterns in homicide across Australian jurisdictions. The NHMP data are the most comprehensive collection on homicide in Australia, providing details of victims, offenders and the circumstances of the incident.
With more than 20 years of data on incidents, victims and offenders of homicide in Australia and numerous research reports on various elements of homicide, our understanding of this crime has improved. Consequently, law enforcement, policymakers, researchers and the general public are better informed in relation to its occurrence. The NHMP primarily circulates this knowledge through the compilation of annual reports and other papers. The current report depicts data on homicide in Australia for the period from 1 July 2010 to 30 June 2012.
There were 479 homicide incidents involving 511 victims and 532 identified offenders over the two year reporting period. Following a decline in the number of incidents, victims and offenders in 2010–11 over the previously published 2009–10 figures, there was a marginal increase in the number of homicides in 2011–12. However, the rate of homicide continues to be historically low.
The NHMP owes its success to the cooperation and continued support of the data collection process provided by the Law, Crime and Community Safety Council and by police services around Australia. The AIC gratefully acknowledges the numerous individual police officers, analysts and statistical support staff of each state and territory police service for their assistance in compiling the data and their efforts to ensure that the data are accurate and complete.Dr Adam Tomison