The National Homicide Monitoring Program (NHMP) commenced on 1 July 1989. Through it, the Australian Institute of Criminology (AIC) monitors trends and patterns in homicide across Australian jurisdictions. NHMP data are the most comprehensive collection on homicide in Australia, providing details of victims, offenders and circumstances of incidents.
With more than 21 years of data on incidents, victims and offenders of homicide in Australia and numerous research reports on various elements of homicide, our understanding of this crime has improved. Consequently, law enforcement, policymakers and the general public are better informed in relation to its occurrence. The NHMP primarily circulates this knowledge through the compilation of annual reports and other papers. The current report marks a shift from annual to biennial reporting and depicts new data on homicide in Australia for the period from 1 July 2008 to 30 June 2010.
There were 510 homicide incidents involving 541 victims and 611 offenders over the two year reporting period. Following a decline in the number of incidents, victims and offenders in 2008–09 over the previously published 2007–08 figures, there was a marginal increase in the number of homicides in 2009–10. However, the rate of homicide remained at a historic low of 1.2 deaths per 100,000 persons.
The NHMP owes its success to the cooperation and continued support of the data collection process provided by the Ministerial Council for Police and Emergency Management–Police and by police services around Australia. The AIC gratefully acknowledges the numerous individual police officers, analysts and statistical support staff of each state and territory police service for their assistance in compiling the data and their efforts to ensure that the data are accurate and complete.
Dr Adam Tomison