Crimes known to police
Figure 3 shows the number of criminal incidents recorded by police in 1998 for the following seven categories of major offences:
- sexual assault
- unlawful entry with intent (UEWI)
- motor vehicle theft
- other theft.
- Of these selected crime categories, 'other theft' (which includes offences such as pickpocketing, bagsnatching and stock stealing) was the most commonly recorded crime, accounting for 43% of the total.
- The next most common offence was unlawful entry with intent, accounting for 33%, followed by motor vehicle theft at 10%.
- Together these property theft offences accounted for 86% of the seven major crimes.
- Assault was the most commonly recorded violent crime.
'Violent crime' comprises homicide, assault, sexual assault and robbery. Figure 4 displays the trend in the rate of violent offences from 1993 to 1998.
- The rate of assault has increased 27% from 1995 to 1998, while the rate of robbery has increased 57% over the same period.
- The rate of both homicide and sexual assault has remained relatively stable over the six years.
The trend in the rate of property crime is shown in Figure 5. 'Property crime' comprises unlawful entry with intent, motor vehicle theft and other theft.
- The rate of both unlawful entry with intent and other theft has been increasing slightly since 1995.
- The rate of motor vehicle theft has remained relatively stable over the six-year period shown in Figure 5.
Location of crime
Table 3 lists the number of offences, by location, in each of the seven selected crime categories. 'Location' refers to the initial site where a criminal incident occurred. The type of location is determined on the basis of the location's function, as follows:
- residential location (e.g. houses, garages/carports, motels, and hostels);
- community location (e.g. car parks, transport facilities, street/footpaths, and schools);
- other location: (e.g. retail premises, recreational facilities, government offices, and warehousing/storage).
|Crime||Location of crime|
|* This table excludes cases where the location was unspecified (n=44 989).|
|Assault||52 578||50 297||27 148|
|Sexual assault||9 615||2 917||1 409|
|Robbery||1 606||11 801||9 779|
|Unlawful entry with intent||295 699||33 087||99 541|
|Motor vehicle theft||24 077||81 737||19 668|
|Other theft||129 409||207 286||201 140|
|Total||513 187||387 227||358 711|
- The highest proportion of offences occurred in a residential location (41%). The crimes most likely to be committed in this location were homicide (60%), sexual assault (66%), assault (40%) and unlawful entry with intent (67%).
- The next most common place for a crime to occur was in a community location (31%), with robbery (51%) and other theft (39%) being the most prevalent there.
- Violent offences most commonly occurred in community (39%) and residential (37%) locations.
- The highest percentage of property offences were committed in residential locations (40%).
Source: Reference 2