Australian Institute of Criminology

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Location of violent crime statistics

The Australian Bureau of Statistics classifies crime locations according to the function of the site where a criminal incident occurred. There are three broad locations:

  • residential (including houses, garages/carports, motels and hostels)
  • community (including car parks, transport facilities, street/footpaths and schools)
  • other (including retail premises, recreational facilities, government offices and warehousing/storage).
Location type of violent crimes in 2007 (number)
Murder Assault Sexual assault Robbery Kidnapping
a: Total includes locations not further defined
n.a.: not available
Residential
Dwelling 152 n.a. n.a. 1,549 203
Outbuilding/residential land 4 n.a. n.a. 123 6
Total residentiala 162 78,575 13,033 1,693 212
Community
Transport 3 n.a. n.a. 1,495 29
Street/footpath 40 n.a. n.a. 8,234 326
Other community 15 n.a. n.a. 955 53
Total communitya 62 61,074 3,676 10,734 408
Other
Retail 8 n.a. n.a. 3,592 45
Recreational 10 n.a. n.a. 878 26
Other location 5 n.a. n.a. 970 29
Total othera 23 35,484 2,319 5,440 100
Unspecified location 6 1,294 723 121 12
Total 253 176,427 19,751 17,988 732
  • Of all murders (n = 253), 64 percent occurred in a residential location; of all robberies (n = 17,988), 90 percent occurred outside the home.
  • Of all assaults (n = 176,427), 45 percent occurred in residential locations and 35 percent in community locations.
  • Streets and footpaths represented the most common location for robberies (46% of 17,988) and kidnappings (45% of 732).
  • Of all sexual assaults (n = 19,751), two-thirds (66%) occurred in residential locations.

Selected violent crimesa from 2000 to 2007, by location type (number)

Figure 5 Selected violent crimes from 2000 to 2007, by location type (number)

a: Excludes assault and sexual assault

  • Between 2000 and 2007, violent crimes declined in most categories of location, although the decrease was not uniform among all location types.
  • There was an increase from 2006 to 2007 in the number of violent crimes carried out in residential and transport settings, on streets and footpaths, and in other community settings.
  • Violent crimes perpetrated in retail locations declined by 14 percent between 2006 and 2007. Since 2000, there has been an overall fall of 42 percent.
  • The number of violent crimes per year at recreational locations fell by 34 percent from 2000 to 2007.

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