The Australian Institute of Criminology (AIC) administers three long-term monitoring programs—the Drug Use Monitoring in Australia (DUMA) program, National Homicide Monitoring Program (NHMP) and the National Deaths in Custody Program (NDICP). In addition to these programs, is the administration of the Fraud Against the Commonwealth survey and identity crime surveys.
Drug Use Monitoring in Australia program
The DUMA program has been operating since 1999 and collects drug use and criminal justice information quarterly from police detainees at multiple sites across Australia. In 2016–17, 2,233 adult and juvenile police detainees were interviewed at four sites across Australia—Adelaide, Sydney, Brisbane and Perth. Seventy-five percent of eligible detainees provided a urine sample in the first and third quarters of 2016–17. Quarterly addenda administered with the core questionnaire during the financial year gathered detainees’ responses to questions about methamphetamine production, the use of alcohol and energy drinks, the stolen goods market and predictions about the 2018 illicit drug market.
National Homicide Monitoring Program
The NHMP has collected and analysed information on all homicides (murder and manslaughter, excluding driving causing death) in Australia since 1990. The program continues to provide strategic policy and operational information on homicide in Australia.
The program aims to identify as precisely as possible the characteristics of individuals that place them at risk of homicide victimisation, and of offending and the circumstances that contribute to the likelihood of a homicide occurring. This provides a basis for implementing public policy on the prevention and control of violence. The program uses police records (supplemented by information from individual investigating officers) and coronial files (toxicology reports).
Establishment of the program was recommended by the National Committee on Violence and has been made possible by the cooperation and continued support of all Australian police services.
Learn more at Crime Statistics Australia.
National Deaths in Custody Program
The NDCP examines the circumstances of deaths in prison, police custody and juvenile detention around Australia since 1979, and reports on the number of deaths in custody in Australia, and the patterns and trends observed in those deaths.
The program was put in place as part of the Australian Government's commitment to implementing the recommendations of the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody.
Fraud against the Commonwealth census
In October 2006 the AIC was given responsibility for collecting and reporting on fraud against the Commonwealth as required by the Commonwealth Fraud Control Guidelines. The current Commonwealth Fraud Control Guidelines 2011 provide that all Commonwealth agencies are required to provide the AIC with fraud control information which is used in the preparation of an annual report for the Minister for Home Affairs.
The Commonwealth Fraud Control Guidelines can be viewed on the Attorney-General's Department website.
Identity crime and misuse monitoring program
Identity crime is one of the most prevalent crime types in Australia with reports of incidence and harm far exceeding other forms of property crime and personal violent crime. This is largely due to the extensive opportunities for misuse of personal information created by online communications. In order to deal with these problems in April 2007 the Council of Australian Governments agreed to a National Identity Security Strategy designed to protect the identities of Australians in a more regulated and efficient way. The strategy also recognised the need to quantify the nature and extent of identity crime and misuse and recommended the creation of an identity crime and misuse longitudinal measurement framework that could be used to measure the effectiveness of policy and practice throughout Australia. As part of the measurement framework, the Attorney-General’s Department engaged the AIC to conduct its annual monitoring of identity crime and misuse that involves collection of national data from public sector and private sector entities and also includes the conduct of an Australia-wide survey to determine respondents’ experiences of victimisation over their lifetime and during the preceding 12 months, and their perceptions of the risk of identity crime in the ensuing 12 months.
Reports can be found in the publications archive.