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Positive associations between school suspension and student problem behaviour: Recent Australian findings

Trends & issues in crime and criminal justice no. 531

Sheryl A Hemphill, David J Broderick and Jessica A Heerde
ISSN 1836-2206
Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology, June 2017

Abstract | School suspension—the temporary removal of a student from school—is one of the most severe responses to student misbehaviour in Australian schools. Evidence suggests school suspension is associated with negative behavioural outcomes in adolescence.

Using data from the International Youth Development Study, a large longitudinal study of adolescent development, this research found positive associations between school suspension and adolescent problem behaviour. These associations remained after taking into account other known risk factors for such behaviours.

The paper discusses the implications for policy development around the management of student misbehaviour and conduct breaches.