Australian Institute of Criminology

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Appendix B Homicide victims, 2010–12

Table B1 Homicide victims per incident by jurisdiction, 2010–12 (n)
NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas NT ACT National
2010–11
One victim 77 40 47 31 19 4 11 0 229
Two victims 0 4 0 2 0 0 0 0 6
Three victims 0 3 6 0 3 0 0 0 12
Total incidents 77 43 49 32 20 4 11 0 236
Total victims 77 47 53 33 22 4 11 0 247
2010–12
One victim 70 48 46 33 15 5 11 4 232
Two victims 0 8 2 2 2 0 4 0 18
Three victims 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 3
Four or more victims 11 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 11
Total incidents 71 53 47 34 16 5 13 4 243
Total victims 81 59 48 35 17 5 15 4 264

Source: AIC NHMP 2010–12 [computer file]

Table B2 Homicide victims by year and jurisdiction, 1989–90 to 2010–12 (n)
NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas NT ACT National
1989–90 104 79 71 28 21 7 21 0 331
1990–91 134 77 59 23 25 5 28 0 351
1991–92 115 59 70 30 28 9 18 2 331
1992–93 125 62 79 39 30 7 17 1 360
1993–94 132 51 62 38 29 5 23 2 342
1994–95 95 79 61 47 31 5 20 4 342
1995–96 118 55 75 33 14 40 22 1 358
1996–97 108 56 81 24 24 6 18 2 319
1997–98 112 44 75 36 29 4 11 1 312
1998–99 117 56 68 35 38 7 18 2 341
1999–00 113 63 75 44 26 9 7 3 340
2000–01 117 55 69 28 23 8 17 0 317
2001–02 111 86 79 35 33 10 24 3 381a
2002–03 109 69 70 32 22 6 18 3 329
2003–04 85 73 63 38 28 3 12 3 305
2004–05 81 55 55 29 20 11 12 3 266a
2005–06 89 73 60 33 22 3 16 5 301
2006–07 92 47 56 28 12 9 18 4 266
2007–08 98 44 57 30 18 5 18 3 273
2008–09 81 51 48 30 27 8 11 6 262
2009–10 83 64 59 27 21 6 14 5 279
2010–11 77 47 53 33 22 4 11 0 247
2011–12 81 59 48 35 17 5 15 4 264

a: Includes one victim on Norfolk Island

Source: AIC NHMP 1989–90 to 2010–12 [computer file]

Table B3 Homicide victims by sex and jurisdiction, 2010–12 (n)
NSW Vic Qlda WA SA Tas NT ACT National
2010–11
Male
Number 55 31 27 21 14 3 6 0 157
Rate per 100,000 1.5 1.1 1.2 2.6 1.2 1.2 4.9 0 1.4
Female
Number 22 16 26 12 8 1 5 0 90
Rate per 100,000 0.6 0.6 1.2 1.4 0.7 0.4 4.6 0.0 0.8
2011–12
Male
Number 48 42 32 22 12 4 10 1 171
Rate per 100,000 1.3 1.5 1.4 2.7 1.0 1.6 8.1 0.5 1.5
Female
Number 33 17 15 13 5 1 5 3 92
Rate per 100,000 0.9 0.6 0.7 1.6 0.4 0.4 4.5 1.6 0.8

Note: One case missing for Queensland, 2011–12

Source: ABS 2013, AIC NHMP 2010–12 [computer file]

Table B4 Homicide victims by age and jurisdiction, 2010–12
NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas NT ACT National
2010–11
Male
Mean age 36 43.7 35.1 34.9 38 41 32.6 0 37.4
Median age 36 43 35 30 40 41 27.5 0 37
Female
Mean age 34.3 28.5 36.8 31.3 46.3 24 44.2 0 35.1
Median age 35.5 28 35 27.5 42.5 24 44 0 32.5
Persons
Mean age 35.5 38.5 36 33.6 41.0 36.7 37.9 0 36.5
Median age 36 37 35 29 42 40 43 0 35
2011–12
Male
Mean age 43.9 36.1 30.9 33.6 40.3 41.7 40.9 27 37.7
Median age 42.5 35.5 30 31.5 41.5 41.5 43.5 27 36
Female
Mean age 47.5 38.5 32.6 35.0 60.2 77 35.8 47.3 42.0
Median age 44 40 40 29 59 77 35 38 42
Persons
Mean age 45.4 36.7 30.8 34.2 46.1 48.8 39.2 42.2 39.0
Median age 44 37 30.5 30 43 46 41 34 38

Note: Data excluded for one case in Queensland 2011–12 because age was unknown

Source: AIC NHMP 2010–12 [computer file]

Table B5 Prior criminal history of homicide victims by sex and jurisdiction, 2010–12 (n)
NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas NT ACT National
2010–11
Male
Prior criminal history 8 15 0 0 6 1 6 0 36
No prior history 10 12 5 2 6 0 0 0 35
Unknown/not stated 37 4 22 19 2 2 0 0 86
Female
Prior criminal history 1 2 0 0 1 0 2 0 6
No prior history 12 11 2 3 7 1 1 0 37
Unknown/not stated 9 3 24 9 0 0 2 0 47
Persons
Prior criminal history 9 17 0 0 7 1 8 0 42
No prior history 22 23 7 5 13 1 1 0 72
Unknown/not stated 46 7 46 28 2 2 2 0 133
2011–12
Male
Prior criminal history 5 20 5 0 10 2 5 0 47
No prior history 5 19 9 0 2 1 5 1 42
Unknown/not stated 38 3 18 22 0 1 0 0 82
Female
Prior criminal history 0 4 2 0 0 0 0 0 6
No prior history 15 12 9 3 5 1 5 0 50
Unknown/not stated 18 1 4 10 0 0 0 3 36
Persons
Prior criminal history 5 24 7 0 10 2 5 0 53
No prior history 20 31 18 3 7 2 10 1 92
Unknown/not stated 56 4 23 32 0 1 0 3 119

Note: Data excluded for one case in Queensland, 2011–12 where sex was unknown

Source: AIC NHMP 2010–12 [computer file]

Table B6 Employment status of homicide victims by sex and jurisdiction, 2010–12 (n)
NSW Vic Qlda WA SA Tas NT ACT National
2010–11
Male
Employedb 29 11 3 2 6 0 0 0 51
Other 19 18 9 5 4 3 6 0 64
Unknown/not stated 7 2 15 14 4 0 0 0 42
Female
Employeda 6 4 2 0 2 0 1 0 15
Other 9 10 10 4 6 1 4 0 44
Unknown/not stated 7 2 14 8 0 0 0 0 31
Persons
Employeda 35 15 5 2 8 0 1 0 66
Other 28 28 19 9 10 4 10 0 108
Unknown/not stated 14 4 29 22 4 0 0 0 73
2011–12
Male
Employedb 15 14 9 2 2 0 0 0 42
Other 24 20 6 5 9 4 9 1 78
Unknown/not stated 9 8 17 15 1 0 1 0 51
Female
Employeda 8 8 1 2 0 0 1 2 22
Other 16 6 4 3 5 1 2 1 38
Unknown/not stated 9 3 10 8 0 0 2 0 32
Persons
Employeda 23 22 10 4 2 0 1 2 64
Other 40 26 10 8 14 5 11 2 116
Unknown/not stated 18 11 28 23 1 0 3 0 84

a: In full-or part-time employment

Note: One case in Queensland, 2011–12 where sex was unknown

Source: AIC NHMP 2010–12 [computer file]

Table B7 Indigenous status of homicide victims by jurisdiction, 2010–12 (n)
NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas NT ACT National
2010–11
Male
Indigenous 5 0 11 7 3 1 6 0 33
Non-Indigenous 22 27 12 10 11 0 0 0 82
Unknown/not stated 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Female
Indigenous 2 0 9 2 0 0 4 0 17
Non-Indigenous 10 16 15 8 8 1 0 0 58
Unknown/not stated 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Persons
Indigenous 7 0 20 9 3 1 10 0 50
Non-Indigenous 32 43 27 18 19 1 0 0 140
Unknown/not stated 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2011–12
Male
Indigenous 4 3 4 5 1 0 6 0 23
Non-Indigenous 26 38 22 14 11 3 4 1 119
Female
Indigenous 2 0 1 5 0 0 3 0 11
Non-Indigenous 12 15 9 6 5 1 2 1 51
Persons
Indigenous 6 3 5 10 1 0 9 0 34
Non-Indigenous 38 53 31 20 16 4 6 2 170
Unknown/not stated 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1

Note: One case in Queensland 2011–12 where Indigenous status known but sex unknown

Source: AIC NHMP 2010–12 [computer file]

Table B8 Primary cause of death of homicide victims by sex and jurisdiction, 2010–12 (n)
NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas NT ACT National
2010–11
Male
Gunshot 12 7 4 1 0 1 0 0 25
Stab wound 17 15 10 12 5 0 5 0 64
Beating 17 7 10 2 6 2 1 0 45
Othera 6 1 2 5 2 0 0 0 16
Unknown/not stated 3 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 7
Female
Gunshot 1 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 4
Stab wound 9 7 12 3 4 1 3 0 39
Beating 2 2 4 4 2 0 1 0 15
Othera 9 5 3 2 2 0 1 0 22
Unknown/not stated 1 1 5 3 0 0 0 0 10
Persons
Gunshot 13 8 6 1 0 1 0 0 29
Stab wound 26 22 22 15 9 1 8 0 103
Beating 19 9 14 6 8 2 2 0 60
Othera 15 6 5 7 4 0 1 0 38
Unknown/not stated 4 2 6 4 1 0 0 0 17
2011–12
Male
Gunshot 11 6 5 4 5 1 0 0 32
Stab wound 16 15 8 10 1 2 7 1 60
Beating 11 13 11 4 5 1 1 0 46
Othera 7 7 7 3 0 0 2 0 26
Unknown/not stated 3 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 7
Female
Gunshot 2 3 1 0 2 0 0 0 8
Stab wound 7 4 5 4 0 0 3 1 24
Beating 8 3 2 4 1 0 1 0 19
Othera 15 7 3 3 2 1 1 2 34
Unknown/not stated 1 0 4 2 0 0 0 0 7
Persons
Gunshot 13 9 6 4 7 1 0 0 40
Stab wound 23 19 13 14 1 2 10 2 84
Beating 19 16 13 8 6 1 2 0 65
Othera 22 14 10 6 2 1 3 2 60
Unknown/not stated 4 1 5 3 1 0 0 0 14

a: Includes drug overdose, drowning/submersion, neglect, smoke inhalation/burns, shaking, pushed from a high place and other cause of death

Note: One case in Queensland, 2011–12 where sex of victim was unknown

Source: AIC NHMP 2010–12 [computer file]

Table B9 Motives of homicide by jurisdiction, 2010–12 (n)
NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas NT ACT National
2010–11
Revenge 2 4 2 3 0 0 0 0 11
Domestica 1 4 5 1 1 0 2 0 14
Money/drugs 8 4 1 2 3 1 0 0 19
Alcohol-related argument 0 2 2 2 3 0 2 0 11
Other argument 26 14 11 6 6 1 5 0 69
Other motiveb 7 8 9 5 3 1 2 0 35
No apparent motivec 33 11 23 14 6 1 0 0 88
2011–12
Revenge 1 4 0 3 0 1 3 0 12
Domestica 3 1 0 3 1 0 1 0 9
Money/drugs 8 8 3 3 4 0 2 1 29
Alcohol-related argument 0 5 0 1 0 2 0 0 8
Other argument 12 14 11 8 1 1 2 0 49
Other motiveb 16 10 11 4 1 0 3 2 47
No apparent motivec 41 17 23 13 10 1 4 1 110

a: Includes jealousy, desertion/termination

b: Includes racial vilification, sexual vilification, political/sexual gratification

c: Includes unknown and not stated

Source: AIC NHMP 2010–12 [computer file]

Table B10 Alcohol and drug consumption of homicide victims by sex and jurisdiction, 2010–12 (n)
NSW Vic Qlda WA SA Tas NT ACT National
2010–11
Male
Alcohol only 11 4 3 6 6 0 3 0 33
Drugs only 6 7 0 1 1 0 0 0 15
Alcohol and drugs 11 7 1 1 0 2 3 0 25
Unknown/not stated 27 13 23 13 7 1 0 0 84
Female
Alcohol only 4 2 5 2 1 0 4 0 18
Drugs only 1 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 5
Alcohol and drugs 2 3 0 1 0 0 0 0 6
Unknown/not stated 15 8 20 9 7 1 1 0 61
Persons
Alcohol only 15 6 8 8 7 0 7 0 51
Drugs only 7 10 1 1 1 0 0 0 20
Alcohol and drugs 13 10 1 2 0 2 3 0 31
Unknown/not stated 42 21 43 22 14 2 1 0 145
2011–12
Male
Alcohol only 6 11 13 3 1 1 6 0 41
Drugs only 4 5 3 2 6 0 0 0 20
Alcohol and drugs 1 5 0 2 0 2 1 0 11
Unknown/not stated 37 21 16 15 5 1 3 1 99
Female
Alcohol only 1 1 1 1 0 0 3 0 7
Drugs only 3 3 2 1 0 0 0 1 10
Alcohol and drugs 2 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 5
Unknown/not stated 27 12 11 10 5 1 2 2 70
Persons
Alcohol only 7 12 14 4 1 1 9 0 48
Drugs only 7 8 5 3 6 0 0 1 30
Alcohol and drugs 3 6 1 3 0 2 1 0 16
Unknown/not stated 64 33 27 25 10 2 5 3 169

Note: One case in Queensland, 2011–12 where victim intoxication and drug and alcohol consumption was unknown

Source: AIC NHMP 2010–12 [computer file]