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Mental health and drug dependency amongst police detainees

Crime facts info no. 102

ISSN 1445-7288
Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology, July 2005

The 2004 Drug Use Monitoring in Australia (DUMA) annual report found that a higher proportion of adult police detainees suffered from psychological distress than occurs in the general population. This level of distress increased if the detainee was dependent on either drugs or alcohol. The Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) was used to measure the level of anxiety and depressive symptoms a person experienced in the 30 days prior to interview. The method identifies four levels of psychological distress: low, moderate, high and very high. Using the same scale, the 2001 national health survey of the general adult population found that almost two thirds (64%) of adults were classified at low levels of psychological distress, 23 per cent at moderate levels, nine per cent at high levels and four per cent at very high levels (ABS 2002). In contrast, aggregated across all DUMA sites, almost a third of adult detainees (30%) scored very high on the K10 scale. Based on previous research, a very high K10 score may indicate a need for professional assistance (ABS 2002). Detainees with very high levels of distress were more likely to have been in prison in the past 12 months and were more likely to report drug and alcohol dependency.

Psychological distress and dependency, police detainees, 2004 (column per cent)
Psychological distress (K10) scale Alcohol Drugs Both
Not dependent Dependent Not dependent Dependent Not dependent Dependent
Low 28 14 33 12 28 10
Moderate 22 18 23 19 20 17
High 27 27 31 29 25 28
Very high 23 41 13 41 27 45
Total (n) (148) (215) (120) (442) (646) (142)

Source

Reference

  • Australian Bureau of Statistics 2002. 2001 National health survey: summary of results. Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics. http://www.abs.gov.au/