Recidivism and desistance: December 2010
A selection of new key reports, books, journal articles and websites. All items are available on interlibrary loan through the JV Barry Library. Please contact your own library for assistance.
Breaking the cycle : effective punishment, rehabilitation and sentencing of offenders / Ministry of Justice
The Stationery Office, 2010
Summary: In the UK, despite a 50% increase budget for prisons and managing offenders in the last ten years, almost half of all adult offenders released from custody and 75% of offenders sentenced to youth custody reoffend within a year.
Reducing Indigenous contact with the court system / Boris Beranger, Don Weatherburn and Steve Moffatt
New South Wales Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research, 2010
Summary: BOCSAR estimates that more than 80 per cent of Indigenous defendants currently appearing in court will at some stage return, most within less than two years.
The Missouri model : reinventing the practice of rehabilitating youthful offenders / Richard A Mendel
Annie E Casey Foundation, 2010
Summary: Since Missouri closed its training schools (large juvenile correctional institutions) nearly 30 years ago, its youth corrections agency has consistently produced better outcomes than other states without breaking the state's budget. It has done so by offering a far more humane, constructive, and positive approach to the issue.
Treatment effectiveness in secure corrections of serious (violent or chronic) juvenile offenders / Luz Anyela Morales, Vicente Garrido and Julio Sanchez-Meca
Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention (Bra), 2010
Unlocking value : how we all benefit from investing in alternatives to prison for women offenders / NEF
Summary: Using social return on investment analysis, nef has examined the costs and long–term benefits associated with the work of two centres providing an alternative to prison in Glasgow and Worcester. It concludes that support–focused community penalties involving high–quality facilities such as these are a more cost–effective option than imprisonment for non–violent women offenders.
- Chronic offenders : a life-course analysis of marijuana users / Daniel T Ragan and Kevin M Beaver
Youth and society 42(2) Dec 2010: 174-198
Summary: The current study employed a life-course framework to examine the factors associated with early onset of marijuana use, with the use of marijuana during adolescence, and with desistance from marijuana use in young adulthood.
- Effects of South Carolina's sex offender registration and notification policy on adult recidivism / Elizabeth J Letourneau
Criminal justice policy review 21(4) Dec 2010: 435-458
Summary: Analysis of secondary data for a sample of 6,064 male offenders convicted of at least one sex crime between 1990 and 2004 revealed that across a mean follow-up of 8.4 years, 490 (8%) offenders had new sex crime charges and 299 (5%) offenders had new sex crime convictions
- Gender differences in re-offending among psychiatrically examined Swedish offenders / Charlotte Alm
Criminal behaviour and mental health 20(5) 2010: 323-334
Summary: This study aims to test for gender differences in re-offending, use of substance abuse treatment, and hospital ER visits among offenders referred for forensic psychiatric assessment in Sweden
- Measuring sexual offender recidivism / Mary Stathopoulos
Aware : ACSSA newsletter no. 25 Nov 2010: 20-25
- Recidivism among young males sentenced to prison and youth custody / Tove Pettersson
Journal of Scandinavian studies in criminology and crime prevention 11(2) 2010: 151-169
Summary: The results of this study show that young people sentenced to youth custody (under the the Youth Custody Act 1991-1998 , involving placement of 15-17- year-old serious offenders in a special approved home) reoffend more often than those who were previously sentenced to prison
- Young serious and vulnerable offenders in the Netherlands : a cohort follow-up study after completion of a PIJ (detention) order / Hjalmar J C van Marle, Inge S Hempel and Nicole M L Buck
Criminal behaviour and mental health 20(5) 2010: 349-360
Summary: Examines reoffending and judicial, correctional or psychiatric contacts of juveniles after a PIJ (Placement in an Institution for Juveniles) order and tests the hypothesis that ‘threatened psychological development’ is associated with higher recidivism rates.