Responses to Indigenous overrepresentation
Jurisdictions around Australia have developed Aboriginal justice agreements, policies and associated programs to improve the experiences of Indigenous Australians in contact with the criminal justice system. These policies promote both crime prevention and the reduction of formal contact with the system. Diversionary schemes have been established, including family conferencing, victim-offender mediation and circle sentencing. These schemes operate at the pre-arrest, prosecution or sentencing phase of the process, and attempt to either wholly divert formal justice system contact or reduce the severity and length of contact.