Australian Institute of Criminology

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Community and local government crime prevention

Local government performs many functions in our society and crime prevention has become a key activity for this sector of government.

For our crime prevention activities to work, they must be evidence-based and built on knowledge derived from research. Crime prevention activities, wherever they take place, should be accountable, and their impacts subject to rigorous assessment.

In order to reduce crime the following points should be remembered:

  • The police alone cannot control crime and disorder
  • No single agency can control crime and disorder
  • Agencies with a contribution to reducing crime and disorder need to work in partnership
  • Evidence-based problem solving approaches promise the most effective approach to reducing crime and disorder
  • Problems of crime and disorder are complex, and there are therefore no panaceas
  • Crime and disorder problems need to be understood in their local contexts and strategies thus need to be locally tailored.

Many of these activities firmly involve local government, and give that domain a significant role in part of the criminality reduction process. Local government can be a catalyst for change and a vehicle for the establishment of partnerships with other key agencies. Through its role in local planning, environmental management, economic development, urban design, and community service provision, local government is close to the community and influences many of the things that matter to determining how people live.

Crime prevention initiatives, by locality

Includes links to crime prevention and community safety plans, strategies and projects undertaken by local governments/councils, and also work undertaken by Australian, state and territory governments in support of local authorities.

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